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Arctic and Northern Nautical Heritage
- The Arctic
- Navigating With Compasses in the North
A brief overview of the geography of the Canadian Arctic.
Navigating with magnetic compasses can be problematic due to the proximity to the North Magnetic Pole.
THE NORTH WEST PASSAGE
- The Northwest Passage
- List of Complete Transits of the Northwest Passage
- List of Partial Transits of the Northwest Passage
- List of Submarine Transits of the Northwest Passage
What and where is the fabled Northwest Passage? What is the history of its exploration, mapping and transiting? Why is it so important to all Canadians today and why is it often in the news?
A detailed list of the successful transits of the Northwest Passage including ship names, dates, name of Master and other details. This covers the period to about 2010 at which time the regularity of transits, and the easing of transits as a result of climate change and icebreaker escorts make a further catalogue a list in a different order of magnitude from the pioneering transits. Originally published in 1990 - and revised and put on line in 2003, and revised again in 2011 & 2012.
In the early days of the exploitation of the Northwest Passage there were a series of significant partial-transits. These were carried out before climate change and the brute strength of polar icebreaking made passages a simpler affair. A list of the most important partial transits of the Northwest Passage including ship names, dates, name of Master and other details. Originally published in 1990 - and revised and put on line in 2003, and revised again in 2011 & 2012.
A very complete list of the underwater transits of the Northwest Passage including ship names, dates, name of Master and other details. These voyages were once considered extremely secret - but here is a list based on many souces. Originally published in 1990 - and revised and put on line in 2003, and revised again in 2011 & 2012.
ARCTIC NAUTICAL HERITAGE
- List of Transits of the Northeast Passage
- Angus Brabant – Fur Trade Commissioner and Canadian Arctic Commerce Pioneer
- Captain Christian (C.T.) Pedersen
- Expeditions to the North Pole
- Pioneer Arctic Mariner Ernest J. "Scotty" Gall Remembered
- Ernest J. "Scotty" Gall
- North Star of Herschel Island
- Arctic Vessels: Anti–fouling and Other Traditional Ship Bottom Covering Concepts
A very complete list of the transits of the Northeasst Passage (through the Russian Arctic) including ship names, dates, name of Master and other details. Originally published in 1990 - and revised and put on line in 2003, and revised again in 2011 & 2012.
Brabant joined the Hudson’s Bay Company as an Apprentice Clerk in 1886 and after serving at Manitoba House, Cumberland House and Fort Smith he became Inspector of the Athabaska District. In 1905. He was serving as the Manager of Mackenzie River District. From 1908-1920 he established HBC fur trade posts on the Arctic Coast. In 1920 he became Fur Trade Commissioner.
Captain Christian Theodore Pedersen was a pivotal entrepreneur and mariner who opened up the western Arctic to commerce. He is as important to Canadian Arctic history as to Alaskan Arctic history. Larger than life he dominated a whole period of Arctic development.
A list of some of the the successful challenges by humans on foot and in ships to reach the North Pole.
Contributor George Duddy has assembled a complete account of the life and work of Scotty Gall, a pioneer Canadian Arctic mariner, fur trader, explorer, adventurer and politician.
Captain Scotty Gall was a Hudson’s Bay employee who traded furs, explored the western Arctic and challenged the ice in small vessels long before it was fashionable to do so. His life and accomplishments were colourful.
Captain Sven Johansson restored the Banks Island Eskimo schooner North Star and lived in it in the Western Arctic. Later he brought her down to Victoria BC as a liveaboard turning it into a three masted full-rigged ship.
Captain Sven Johansson, Northwest Passage mariner, shares his thoughts on bottom coverings on traditional wooden Arctic ocean vessels based on his personal experience.
- Modern Arctic Exploration
- Arctic Exploration 1848-1860
- Arctic Exploration 1818-1845
- Arctic Exploration pre-1818
- The Anglo-American Polar Expedition 1906
A chronological list of modern Arctic exploration.
A chronological list of Arctic exploration 1848 to 1860.
A chronological list of Arctic exploration 1818 to 1848.
A chronological list of Arctic exploration pre 1818.
In 1906 Ernest de Koven Leffingwell and Ejnar Mikkelsen search for new lands in the Arctic ocean from their ship base in the Duchess of Bedford. In Mikkelsen's words the scientific results of the expedition "had ascertained the extent of the Continental Shelf, and even if we had not found the land we had so implicitly believed in, it was a consolation for us to know that to prove the absence of land was of as much scientific value as to find it!"
Site News: Nov 23rd, 2013
Databases have been updated and are now holding 45,557 vessel histories (with 1997 images) and 47,444 mariner biographies (with 2795 images).
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